"I'm interested in expanding the borders of human knowledge with design," says Adrian Galvin, a 2nd-year Master of Design student at Carnegie Mellon University's School of Design, who spent last summer working on three data visualization projects with scientists at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Each year, the Data Visualization Summer Program brings together engineers and designers to tackle some of the most complex challenges in science today. Over the course of just 10 weeks, Galvin worked with three different teams of scientists to prototype data visualization solutions to their specific problems.
On MERLIN (MISR Exploratory Research and Lookup Interface), Galvin helped NASA JPL's MISR (Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer) instrument team better visualize wildfire smoke plumes. GRAIN, a project at Caltech's Computational Geomechanics lab, helped scientists more deeply investigate the movement, surfaces, and forces of 50,000 to 70,000 individual grains of sand over time. The highest pressure project for Galvin was PIXELATE (Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry Element Analysis Tool), where he worked with NASA JPL's Mars Rover 2020 PIXL instrument team to enable the search for signs of past life on Mars, as well as to explore the planet's geologic history.
Caltech-JPL-Art Center Visualization Program and NASA/GSFC/LaRC/JPL-Caltech, MISR Team
Galvin felt privileged to have the opportunity to work on such an impactful space mission and interact with distinguished scientists in the field, such as Dr. Abigail Allwood, but also valued the challenging design problems it presented. While the experiences with MERLIN and GRAINS were more direct, PIXELATE threw a curveball to the team. The initial design brief was comprehensive, but the situation kept evolving and new information constantly surfaced. He had to think flexibly, navigate unknown spaces quickly, and constantly identify what was within the project's scope, all skills that he strengthened in his first two years at CMU.
Caltech-JPL-Art Center Visualization Program / Andrade Laboratory
While the experience itself was rewarding, the end result was also particularly exciting: the PIXL team is currently gathering funding and human resources to build an improved and expanded version of the working prototype that the visualization team delivered.
While Galvin was fully immersed in the world of science last summer, his background is interdisciplinary. After earning a collegiate double degree in visual arts and modern dance choreography, Galvin started his own dance company. He believes that his former choreography experience helped him with his current career in design, noting that "orchestrating a team of people to accomplish a complex task within unknown or flexible parameters is similar to the process of design." Ultimately, he became more interested in the field of design through his work in medical illustration, where he realized he gained fulfillment from furthering scientific knowledge. "I realized I wanted to move human knowledge forward and work with high level scientists to make their lives and research more successful," he said.
Caltech-JPL-Art Center Visualization Program / Mars 2020 Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL)
Looking back on his summer, Galvin says that he valued the opportunity to collaborate with people in other disciplines and to see the impact of his work on the various teams. "The prototypes allow scientists to see something they've never seen before, which causes them to have new hypothesis and think differently about their research," he noted. Galvin is also currently continuing his work on MERLIN through his thesis research, which will be a case study documenting the way designers can help scientists ask better questions of their data.
After graduating he hopes to continue working on complex problems with long time horizons that expand the limits of human knowledge.